Sultan Mehmet, learns of his father Murat II’s death knell when he was Sanjak of Saruhan. This left him with grief and paved the way for his ascension of the throne once again, after the death of his brother Osman Erciyes. When Sultan Mehmet had first ascended the throne, he was 12 years old. Murat II, was suffocated from political hostility of his margraves and viziers, relinquished the throne by the impact of his deep grief because of his beloved son Alaaddin’s death and enthroned Mehmet. Grand Vizier Halil Pasha, who had a great influence on janissary and the state, was dissatisfied because of this situation. He was especially troubled with Sultan Mehmet’s indicating that İstanbul’s conquest is vitally essential. He made Sultan Murat inherit the throne again in consequence of the possibility of crusaders starting to occupy Ottoman territories by taking advantage of Mehmet’s immaturity. And Mehmet had suspended from the throne and sent to Sanjak of Saruhan. Now, he succeed to the throne again and more powerful. His priority target was still the conquest of İstanbul. He was gaining inspiration from the words of the Prophet of Islam. “Constantinople will surely be conquered. What a blessed commander is its and what a blessed army is its army.” (Muhammad bin Abdullah)
He worked out everything that would take him to the target. At the outset, he should live in peace with contiguous countries until he made the preparations. He sent messengers to the Pontificate, to Hungarians, Serbians, Poles, Genoeses and Venetians and notified that he wants to live with peace. He restored Gallipoli dockyard and by courtesy of this, 100 galleys could be produced there in a year. Meanwhile Roman Emperor Constantine was thinking that Sultan Mehmet was inexperienced and foresightless and demanding heavy appropriations by trying to use Prince Orhan who was captive of Constantine. Constantine’s main intention was Sultan Mehmet’s becoming disrespectable by capitulating. Furthermore, Sultan Mehmet was already capitulating and accepting his demands. But this was just the strategy of Sultan Mehmet.
As soon as the news of Karamans rebellion received, Ottoman armies set forth Akşehir. Karamanoğlu İbrahim didn’t expect such a mighty army. He had to demand peace. Sultan Mehmet accepted the peace because he didn’t want his armies receive wound. After the military expedition, on the way back a group of janissaries confronted the state tent to get tip although they have not battle. In response, Sultan Mehmet sent out enthronements, and also, he sent the jannisarry master Kurtçu Doğan who was a man of Grand Vizier Halil Pasha into exile by pleading deserted soldiers. With this incident, he properly gained dominion over his armies. After he returned to Adrianople, he sent a messenger to Emperor Constantine and he declared that he would no longer send the subsidy he paid for Orhan. After that, he started to build the Boğazkesen (Rumelian) Fortress across the Anatolian Fortress. This meant actually to wage war against East-Roman Empire. Fetih 1453 also provides some insight into the war tactics used by the Ottoman Empire, not only representing an empire with access to the greatest technological weaponry at the time, but strategic insight into how the army should attack, retrieve and position themselves. This circumstance came to European states’ attention too. But to help East-Roman Empire was almost impossible because of the war between French and English and German King’s dealing the fights for the throne. The Pope’s attempts remained inconclusive too. On 2 April 1453, the Byzantine soldiers on the ramparts were overwhelmed against Sultan Mehmet and thousands of Turkish soldiers.
In its relation to the historical facts the movie isn't really exact. There is no plundering of the city, no violence regarding east-roman population after the conquest: many were murdered, enslaved or displaced. instead of that the movie shows Mehmet treating civilians gentle and gracious. The funeral of Constantine in christian tradition is pure fiction. He died incognito while fighting, his corpse was never found. Obviously the whole movie takes sides with the ottomans. Therefor historical facts appear selective or wrong.
The production costs of the film are not well-known. The film was produced over a period of three years and cost an estimated $17 million. Other sources claim that the actual cost of the film is US$ 8 million. A Turkish journalist Ali Eyuboglu asked budget to producer and producer claimed that they never stated any budget to press. In addition to this, another co-producer commented to Ali Eyuboglu that 4 million ticket will be afford expenses for the film. In Turkey profit to producer is estimated $2 per ticket, so the filmshould cost no more than $8 million. It is still the most expensive film in Turkish cinema history. The film trailer itself took one and a half months to complete and cost $600,000. The trailer was viewed by over 1.5 million people within 24 hours of its release.The size of the full cast was extensive; the film reportedly required the use of 16,000 extras.
Fetih 1453 was released in different countries on 16 February 2012, including United States, the United Kingdom, France, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Germany, the Netherlands, FYROM, Russia, Azerbaijan, South Korea, Japan and several others. Universal Studios have expressed an interest in acquiring the distribution rights to the film.
Directed by Faruk Aksoy
Produced by Ayşe Germen
Written by İrfan Saruhan
Music by Benjamin Wallfisch
Studio Aksoy film production
Distributed by Tiglon Film
February 16, 2012
Running time 160 minutes